益坤, 1856

Name
/柯/益坤
Given names
益坤
Surname
Also known as
/益/
Birth 1856未时

Note: 未时生
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Henry John Temple
from February 6, 1855 to February 20, 1858 (aged 2 years)

15th President of the United States
James Buchanan
March 4, 1857 (aged 1 year)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Edward Smith-Stanley
from February 20, 1858 to June 12, 1859 (aged 3 years)

Österreichische Geschichte
Niederlage von Königgrätz; Verlust Venetiens
1866 (aged 10 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs Hintergrund des „Deutschen Krieges“ war, dass Bismarck ein deutsches Bündnissystem unter der Hegemonie Preußens anstrebte. Eine solche Hegemonie war nach Einschätzung Bismarcks nur ohne Österreich im Rahmen der „kleindeutschen Lösung“ möglich, da Österreich als bisherige Hegemonialmacht des Deutschen Bundes wirtschaftlich und militärisch zu bedeutend war.

Österreichische Geschichte
Gründung der österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie
1867 (aged 11 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs Die österreichisch-ungarischen Monarchie wurde als Resultat des sogenannten Ausgleichs mit dem Königreich Ungarn gegründet. Ungarn schied damit aus dem bisherigen Einheitsstaat aus und erhielt eine eigene königliche Regierung.

British Queen
Victoria
from June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901 (aged 45 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Henry John Temple
from June 12, 1859 to October 29, 1865 (aged 9 years)

16th President of the United States
Abraham Lincoln
March 4, 1861 (aged 5 years)

17th President of the United States
Andrew Johnson
April 15, 1865 (aged 9 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
John Russell
from October 29, 1865 to June 28, 1866 (aged 10 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Edward Smith-Stanley
from June 28, 1866 to February 27, 1868 (aged 12 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Benjamin Disraeli
from February 27, 1868 to December 3, 1868 (aged 12 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Ewart Gladstone
from December 3, 1868 to February 20, 1874 (aged 18 years)

18th President of the United States
Ulysses S Grant
March 4, 1869 (aged 13 years)

Guerre
Guerre franco-allemande
from July 19, 1870 to January 29, 1871 (aged 15 years)

Note: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guerre_franco-allemande_de_1870
Régime politique
IIIe République
September 4, 1870 (aged 14 years)

2ème président de la République Française
Adolphe Thiers
August 31, 1871 (aged 15 years)

3ème président de la République Française
Patrice de Mac-Mahon
May 24, 1873 (aged 17 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Benjamin Disraeli
from February 20, 1874 to April 23, 1880 (aged 24 years)

19th President of the United States
Rutherford B Hayes
March 4, 1877 (aged 21 years)

4ème président de la République Française
Jules Grévy
January 30, 1879 (aged 23 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
from April 23, 1880 to February 1, 1886 (aged 30 years)

20th President of the United States
James A Garfield
March 4, 1881 (aged 25 years)

21st President of the United States
Chester A Arthur
September 19, 1881 (aged 25 years)

22nd President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1885 (aged 29 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Ewart Gladstone
from February 1, 1886 to July 25, 1886 (aged 30 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
from July 25, 1886 to August 15, 1892 (aged 36 years)

Král a císař
František Josef I.
from 1848 to 1916 (aged 60 years)

Note: Synovec Ferdinanda V. Také rakouský císař a uherský král. Českým zemím vládl více jak 60 let, z vnitropolitických důvodů se však nedal korunovat českým králem. (Ztroskotaly i myšlenky na trialistickou monarchii).
5ème président de la République Française
Sadi Carnot
December 3, 1887 (aged 31 years)

23rd President of the United States
Benjamin Harrison
March 4, 1889 (aged 33 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Ewart Gladstone
from August 15, 1892 to March 5, 1894 (aged 38 years)

24th President of the United States
Grover Cleveland
March 4, 1893 (aged 37 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Archibald Primrose
from March 5, 1894 to June 25, 1895 (aged 39 years)

6ème président de la République Française
Jean Casimir-Perier
June 27, 1894 (aged 38 years)

7ème président de la République Française
Félix Faure
January 17, 1895 (aged 39 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
from June 25, 1895 to July 12, 1902 (aged 46 years)

25th President of the United States
William McKinley
March 4, 1897 (aged 41 years)

8ème président de la République Française
Emile Loubet
February 18, 1899 (aged 43 years)

The Boer War
Battle for control of southern Africa
from October 11, 1899 to May 31, 1902 (aged 46 years)

British King
Edward VII
from January 22, 1901 to May 6, 1910 (aged 54 years)

26th President of the United States
Theodore Roosevelt
September 14, 1901 (aged 45 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Arthur Balfour
from July 12, 1902 to December 5, 1905 (aged 49 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
from December 5, 1905 to April 5, 1908 (aged 52 years)

Séparation des Églises et de l’État Française
Loi du 9 décembre 1905 relative à la séparation des Églises et de l’État
December 9, 1905 (aged 49 years)

9ème président de la République Française
Armand Fallières
February 18, 1906 (aged 50 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Herbert Henry Asquith
from April 5, 1908 to December 6, 1916 (aged 60 years)

Olympic Games
Games of the IV Olympiad
from April 27, 1908 to October 31, 1908 (aged 52 years)
27th President of the United States
William Howard Taft
March 4, 1909 (aged 53 years)

10ème président de la République Française
Raymond Poincaré
February 18, 1913 (aged 57 years)

28th President of the United States
Woodrow Wilson
March 4, 1913 (aged 57 years)

Birth of a grandson愈贵
December 15, 1913 (aged 57 years)

Österreichische Geschichte
Attentat von Sarajevo
June 28, 1914 (aged 58 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Attentat von Sarajevo Beim Attentat von Sarajevo wurden der Thronfolger Österreich-Ungarns Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand und seine Gemahlin Sophie Chotek, von dem serbischen Nationalisten Gavrilo Princip ermordet. Das Attentat löste die Julikrise aus, die schließlich zum Ersten Weltkrieg führte.

Österreichische Geschichte
Tod Franz Josephs I. und Thronbesteigung von Karl I.
November 1916 (aged 60 years)

The Great War from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918 (aged 62 years)

Král český
Karel I. (Karel III.)
from 1916 to 1918 (aged 62 years)

Note: Rakouský císař Karel I., král uherský jako Karel IV. a král český Karel III. (Z časových a politických důvodů nebyl korunován českým králem). Rakousko-Uhersko se mu už zachránit nepodařilo, ačkoliv nabídl federaci.
Österreichische Geschichte
Ende des ersten Weltkriegs
1918 (aged 62 years)

Präsident des Staatsdirektoriums
Karl Seitz
from October 30, 1918 to December 9, 1920 (aged 64 years)

British King
George V
from May 6, 1910 to January 20, 1936 (aged 80 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
David Lloyd George
from December 6, 1916 to October 23, 1922 (aged 66 years)

Prezident ČSR
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
from November 14, 1918 to December 14, 1935 (aged 79 years)

Note: První prezident Československa, o jehož vznik se zasloužil, do funkce byl zvolen celkem čtyřikrát.
11ème président de la République Française
Paul Deschanel
February 18, 1920 (aged 64 years)

12ème président de la République Française
Alexandre Millerand
September 23, 1920 (aged 64 years)

Bundespräsident
Michael Hainisch
from December 9, 1920 to December 10, 1928 (aged 72 years)

Parti Communiste Français
Naissance du Parti Communiste Français
December 25, 1920 (aged 64 years)

Note: Congrès de Tours
29th President of the United States
Warren G Harding
March 4, 1921 (aged 65 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Bonar Law
from October 23, 1922 to May 22, 1923 (aged 67 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Stanley Baldwin
from May 22, 1923 to January 22, 1924 (aged 68 years)

30th President of the United States
Calvin Coolidge
August 2, 1923 (aged 67 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Ramsey MacDonald
from January 22, 1924 to June 7, 1935 (aged 79 years)

13ème président de la République Française
Gaston Doumergue
June 13, 1924 (aged 68 years)

Bundespräsident
Wilhelm Miklas
from December 10, 1928 to March 12, 1938 (aged 82 years)

31st President of the United States
Herbert Hoover
March 4, 1929 (aged 73 years)

14ème président de la République Française
Paul Doumer
June 13, 1931 (aged 75 years)

15ème président de la République Française
Albert Lebrun
May 10, 1932 (aged 76 years)

Österreichische Geschichte
Dollfuß verkündet die „Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments“
March 4, 1933 (aged 77 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments Eine patt ausgegangene Abstimmung über die Eisenbahnergehälter und taktisch bedingte Rücktritte der drei Parlamentspräsidenten nutzte der christlichsoziale Bundeskanzler Engelbert Dollfuß, um die „Selbstausschaltung des Parlaments“ zu verkünden. Den Wiederzusammentritt des Nationalrates am 15. März verhinderte Polizei, die das Parlamentsgebäude umstellt hatte.

32nd President of the United States
Franklin D Roosevelt
March 4, 1933 (aged 77 years)

British King
Edward VII
from January 20, 1936 to December 11, 1936 (aged 80 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Stanley Baldwin
from June 7, 1935 to May 28, 1937 (aged 81 years)

Prezident ČSR
Edvard Beneš
from December 18, 1935 to October 5, 1938 (aged 82 years)

Note: Po Mnichovské dohodě abdikoval, v době války vedl exilovou vládu.
Front populaire
Victoire du Peuple
May 3, 1936 (aged 80 years)

Note: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Front_populaire_%28France%29
Guerre civile
Guerre civile d’Espagne
July 17, 1936 (aged 80 years)

Note: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guerre_d%27Espagne
Österreichische Geschichte
„Anschluss“ an das Deutsche Reich
March 12, 1938 (aged 82 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Neville Chamberlain
from May 28, 1937 to May 10, 1940 (aged 84 years)

Österreichische Geschichte
Beginn von Luftangriffen in Österreich
August 1943 (aged 87 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs Luftangriffe fanden in Österreich erst ab August 1943 statt, da es bis dahin teilweise außerhalb der Reichweite alliierter Bomber beziehungsweise deren Begleitjäger lag. Im Vergleich zum Altreich wurden in Österreich durch Luftangriffe weit weniger zivile Ziele, sondern Rüstungsindustrie und Verkehrsknotenpunkte getroffen, womit die alte Bausubstanz weitgehend erhalten blieb.

British King
George VI
from December 11, 1936 to February 6, 1952 (aged 96 years)

Státní prezident
Emil Hácha
from November 30, 1938 to May 9, 1945 (aged 89 years)

Note: Prezidentem druhé republiky (1938–1939) a státní prezident Protektorátu Čechy a Morava (1939–1945). Wikipedie Emil Hácha
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Winston Churchill
from May 10, 1940 to July 26, 1945 (aged 89 years)

World War 2 from September 1, 1939 to September 2, 1945 (aged 89 years)

Guerre
Seconde Guerre mondiale
from September 3, 1939 to May 8, 1945 (aged 89 years)

Note: https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seconde_Guerre_mondiale
Régime politique
Gouvernement de Vichy
July 11, 1940 (aged 84 years)

Régime politique
Gouvernement Provisoire de la République Française
June 2, 1944 (aged 88 years)

33rd President of the United States
Harry S Truman
April 12, 1945 (aged 89 years)

Österreichische Geschichte
Schlacht um Wien
April 13, 1945 (aged 89 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs Der Zweite Weltkrieg war in Wien nach der Schlacht um Wien am 13. April 1945 zu Ende; tags darauf trafen sich Politiker der Zweiten Republik zu ersten Besprechungen, während im Umland der Stadt noch gekämpft wurde. Am 27. April wurde Österreichs Unabhängigkeit verkündet.

Österreichische Geschichte
Ende des zweiten Weltkriegs
May 8, 1945 (aged 89 years)

Prezident ČSR
Edvard Beneš
from April 2, 1945 to June 7, 1948 (aged 92 years)

Bundespräsident
Karl Renner
from December 20, 1945 to December 31, 1950 (aged 94 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Clement Atlee
from July 26, 1945 to October 26, 1951 (aged 95 years)

Régime politique
IVe République
October 24, 1946 (aged 90 years)

16ème président de la République Française
Vincent Auriol
January 16, 1947 (aged 91 years)

National Health Service
Free healthcare for all
from July 5, 1948 (aged 92 years)

Olympic Games
Games of the XIV Olympiad
from July 29, 1948 to August 14, 1948 (aged 92 years)
British Queen
Elizabeth II
from February 6, 1952 (aged 96 years)

Prezident ČSR
Klement Gottwald
from June 14, 1948 to March 14, 1953 (aged 97 years)

Note: Poválečný premiér, po komunistickém převratu v únoru 1948 se stal prezidentem. První dělnický prezident, jak říkali komunisti
Österreichische Geschichte
Unterzeichnung des Staatsvertrags
May 15, 1955 (aged 99 years)

Source:

Wikipedia:Geschichte Österreichs 1955 erhielt die Republik Österreich durch den Staatsvertrag mit den vier Besatzungsmächten ihre volle staatliche Souveränität zurück. Als Gegenleistung dafür musste die Zweite Republik ihre „immerwährende Neutralität“ erklären und per Verfassungsgesetz festschreiben.

Bundespräsident
Theodor Körner
from June 21, 1951 to January 4, 1957 (aged 101 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Winston Churchill
from October 26, 1951 to April 6, 1955 (aged 99 years)

34th President of the United States
Dwight D Eisenhower
January 20, 1953 (aged 97 years)

Prezident ČSR
Antonín Zápotocký
from March 21, 1953 to November 13, 1957 (aged 101 years)

Note: Druhý komunistický prezident. Rezignoval na počáteční reformní snahy.
17ème président de la République Française
René Coty
January 16, 1954 (aged 98 years)

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Anthony Eden
from April 6, 1955 to January 10, 1957 (aged 101 years)

Birth

未时生